Ima ih koji razmišljaju što nakon recesije

autora/ice cronomy

Može li ovo biti primjer i za Hrvatsku? Novi Zeland kao mala zemlja nema utjecaja na svjetsku recesiju i potražnju. Ok, toliko već znamo. Ali to ne znači da samo čekaju skrštenih ruku da se globalna ekonomija *sama* oporavi kako bi i njihova ekonomija rasla. Sad je vrijeme za kreativnost i svježe poteze, za transformirati se i pozicionirati kako bi globalni oporavak dočekali konkurentiniji i produktivniji. To je ideja iz reformski poteza NZ-og Premjera John Key-a. Stabilizacijsku politiku koju provodi NZ Hrvatska ne može implementirati, ali možda se može ugledati na reformne/razvojne poteze koje NZ poduzima kako bi povećao komparativnu prednost i produktivnost i tako postao konkurentniji u globalnoj ekonomiji. Kratko rečeno: dok se mi koncentriramo na raspodijeli kolača, Novi Zeland gleda kako povećati kolač, ako ne danas, onda sutra. Mogu li naši vladajaći naučiti nešto o prioritetima iz te jednostavne ideje?

“We don’t tell New Zealanders we can stop the global recession, because we can’t,” says Prime Minister John Key, leaning forward in his armchair at his office in the Beehive, the executive wing of New Zealand’s parliament. “What we do tell them is we can use this time to transform the economy to make us stronger so that when the world starts growing again we can be running faster than other countries we compete with.”

That idea — growing a nation out of recession by improving productivity — puts Mr. Key and his conservative National Party at odds with Washington, Tokyo and Canberra. Those capitals are rolling out billions of dollars in stimulus packages — with taxpayers’ money — to try to prop up growth.


“We have been on a slippery slope,” Mr. Key says, pointing to the country’s slide to the bottom half of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development’s per-capita GDP rankings. “So we need to lift those per-capita wages, and the only way to really do that is through productivity growth driving efficiency in the country.” He talks at length about how to attract and retain talented workers. What does he think about populist arguments about the end of capitalism? “Nonsense!”


Much of Mr. Key’s reform agenda hinges on his belief that he has to prepare his country to compete in the global economy. “The world, whether we like it or not, will become more and more borderless,” he says. That means Wellington is planted firmly behind free trade. “The sooner Doha is completed,” Mr. Key says, referring to stalled global trade talks, “the better from our point of view.”

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2 komentara to “Ima ih koji razmišljaju što nakon recesije”

  1. Zar Novi Zeland nema možda i apsolutnu prednost, u uzgoju ovaca? =). Normalno da njima odgovara slobodna trgovina.

  2. Dobar primjer koji objasnjava razliku izmedu apsolutne i komparativne prednosti.

    The principle of comparative advantage explains interdependence and the gains
    from trade. Because interdependence is so prevalent in the modern world, the
    principle of comparative advantage has many applications. Here are two examples,
    one fanciful and one of great practical importance.

    Tiger Woods spends a lot of time walking around on grass. One of the most talented
    golfers of all time, he can hit a drive and sink a putt in a way that most casual
    golfers only dream of doing. Most likely, he is talented at other activities too.
    For example, let’s imagine that Woods can mow his lawn faster than anyone else.
    But just because he can mow his lawn fast, does this mean he should?
    To answer this question, we can use the concepts of opportunity cost and comparative
    advantage. Let’s say that Woods can mow his lawn in 2 hours. In that same
    2 hours, he could film a television commercial for Nike and earn $10,000. By contrast,
    Forrest Gump, the boy next door, can mow Woods’s lawn in 4 hours. In that
    same 4 hours, he could work at McDonald’s and earn $20.
    In this example, Woods’s opportunity cost of mowing the lawn is $10,000 and
    Forrest’s opportunity cost is $20. Woods has an absolute advantage in mowing
    lawns because he can do the work in less time. Yet Forrest has a comparative advantage
    in mowing lawns because he has the lower opportunity cost.

    The gains from trade in this example are tremendous. Rather than mowing his
    own lawn, Woods should make the commercial and hire Forrest to mow the lawn.
    As long as Woods pays Forrest more than $20 and less than $10,000, both of them
    are better off.

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