Kao što svaki roditelj vjerojatno vrlo dobro zna “moje” je i prečesta riječ djece u predškolskoj dobi – 2 do 5 godina. I to ne bez razloga. Vlasništvo je najvažnije u toj dobi i djeca dobro razumiju ideju vlasništva. Možda i pre dobro pošto roditeljii uglavno uče djecu kada i kako dijeliti i posuditi.
Nova studija dvoje psihologa sa Sveučilišta Waterloo pokazuje da djeca imaju snažan osjećaj privatnog vlasništva i vlasničkih prava koji nije naučen već dio ljudske prirode od ranih godina.
… psychologist Ori Friedman of the University of Waterloo in Canada reported on May 28 at the Association for Psychological Science annual meeting. At ages 4 and 5, youngsters value a person’s ownership rights — say, to a crayon — far more strongly than adults do, Friedman and psychology graduate student Karen Neary found.
Rather than being learned from parents, a concept of property rights may automatically grow out of 2- to 3-year-olds’ ideas about bodily rights, such as assuming that another person can’t touch or control one’s body for no reason, Friedman proposed. …
Friedman’s team presented a simple quandary to 40 preschoolers, ages 4 and 5, and to 44 adults. Participants saw an image of a cartoon boy holding a crayon who appeared above the word “user” and a cartoon girl who appeared above the word “owner.” After hearing from an experimenter that the girl wanted her crayon back, volunteers were asked to rule on which cartoon child should get the prized object.
About 75 percent of 4- and 5-year-olds decided in favor of the owner, versus about 20 percent of adults.
What’s clear is that learning apparently plays little role in early thinking about possessions, Friedman asserted. “A concept of ownership rights may be a product of the way we naturally think early in life,” he said.
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